Fair Treatment

This page was last updated on: 2021-01-12

Equal Pay

Constitution of Rwanda supports the principle of equal pay by stating that persons with the same competence and ability have a right to equal pay for equal work without discrimination.

In accordance with the article 12 of the Labour Code, the principle of equal remuneration for work of equal value between workers applies without any discrimination on the basis of origin, sex, colour, race, marital status, etc.

Source: Article 30 of the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda 2003 revised in 2015; Article 12 of the Law regulating Labour in Rwanda 2009 (aka Labour Code)


In accordance with article 11 of the Constitution, all Rwandans are born and remain free and equal in rights and duties. All forms of discrimination on the basis of, inter alia, ethnic origin, tribe, clan, colour, sex, region, social origin, religion or faith, opinion, economic status, culture, language, social status, physical or mental disability or any other form of discrimination is prohibited and punishable by law.

The labour code also prohibits discrimination on the ground of race, color, origin, sex, marital status, family responsibilities, religion, beliefs, political opinions, social or economic conditions, country of origin, disability, previous, current or future pregnancy and in any other form. Discrimination at workplace with regard to the disabled people is also forbidden.

Sources: Article  11 of the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda 2003 revised in 2015; Articles12 & 97 of the Law regulating Labour in Rwanda, 2009 (aka Labour Code)

Equal Choice of Profession

The constitution of Rwanda grants the right to work to all citizens. The constitution states that every person has the right to free choice of employment.

Women can work in the same industries men as no restrictive provision could be located in the law.

Source: Article 37 of the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda 2003 revised in 2015

Regulations on Fair Treatment

  • Law regulating Labour in Rwanda, 2009 (Labour Code) / Itegeko rigenga umurimo mu Rwanda, 2009
  • Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda, 2003 / Itegeko nshinga rya Repubulika y'u Rwanda, 2003
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