Health and Safety

This page was last updated on: 2021-01-12

Employer Cares

In accordance with the Labour Code, an employer is responsible to maintain health and safety of the workers at workplace. Employer is required to keep the workplace in a common state of cleanliness and presentation of hygiene & safety necessary for the health and safety of workers.

The employer may also create a committee on health and safety at workplace and devise modalities for its functioning. Workers must also be provided with a first aid box, needed in case of emergency. In case of work accident, the employer must evacuate the injured and take them to the nearest health centre.

An employer is required to ensure the health, safety and welfare of all persons working in his/her workplace. Employer is required to: provide workers with work premises and tools appropriate for the work; assure workers of the reliable and timely renewal of collective and individual means of protection; conduct a risk and hazard analysis and take effective protective measures; inform employees about any risks likely to result from the use of technologies and any other imminent danger; ensure that safety information is displayed in readable language in all premises; make no deductions from an employee’s remuneration or charge an employee in respect of anything done or provided in pursuance of the order on OSH; and notify the labour inspectors of any dangerous occurrence or occupational accident within four days of such incident.

Source: Articles 90-96 of the Law regulating Labour in Rwanda, 2009 (aka Labour Code), Article 4 of the Ministerial Order N°02 Of 17/05/2012 Determining Conditions For Occupational Health And Safety);Ministerial Order N°01/Mifotra/15 Of 15/01/2015 Determining Modalities Of Establishing And Functioning Of Occupational Health And Safety Committees

Free Protection

Labour Code requires employer to provide free protective equipment (PPE) to workers involved in hazardous work. The type of PPE needed varies depending on the nature of work being performed.  The right use of PPE reduces risk of accident and illness.  The employer is required to take all necessary steps to ensure that protective equipment is properly used, by maintaining and protecting it against any contamination that may be dangerous to the health of the worker.  The worker should also be trained and sensitized on the need to use any protective equipment available to him/her.  The personal protective equipment should be easy to handle and must not hinder any task accomplishment. The relevant protective equipment includes a helmet and welding glasses; appropriate respirators to protect against dust, gas, vapors or other noxious fumes; sunglasses; lead-coated blouses; noise control devices; gloves, sleeves, knee pads and headgear; special shoes and protective clothing.

Source: Article 91 of the Law regulating Labour in Rwanda, 2009 (aka Labour Code), Article  28 of the Ministerial Order N°02 Of 17/05/2012 Determining Conditions For Occupational Health And Safety)


An employer is obliged to train workers on health and safety at workplace and correct use of equipment.  The Workplace Health and Safety Committee is responsible to provide advice on health and safety training programmes and adjustment of such programmes; to examine documents specifying, for each training activity, the duration and the means allocated to achieve it and to ensure its effective implementation; and to ensure that all appropriate measures are taken to provide training of workers and upgrade their skills in the field of occupational health and safety.

Source: Articles 90-91 of the Law regulating Labour in Rwanda, 2009 (aka Labour Code), §7 of the Ministerial Order N°02 of 17/05/2012 Determining Conditions For Occupational Health And Safety)

Labour Inspection System

Labour Inspection System is provided under the Labour Code.

Labour Directorate is in charge of designing, carrying out and implementing the national policy and legislation governing employment. Labour Inspectorate, dependent on Labour Directorate, monitors compliance with the labour code and the provisions of collective conventions as well as social security laws. The Labour Inspector informs and advises employers and workers concerning the most effective means of complying with the legal provisions. He/she reports on all the activities that are not in compliance with the provisions of the labour code and the social security.

Labour inspector may enter, during working hours whether at night or during the day, any firm of his/her area for inspection with or without prior notice. Inspector may request to be accompanied, by one staff member of his/her choice within the institution. Labour inspector is responsible to secure the enforcement of provisions relating to working hours, wages, hygiene, social security and safety at work place, and the control of child labour at the workplace. He/she adjudicates disputes between workers and employers.

Source: Articles 156-160 of the Law regulating Labour in Rwanda, 2009 (aka Labour Code), USDOS Human Rights Report 2013, Articles  3-6 Ministerial Order Nº07 of 13/07/2010 Determining the Modalities of Functioning of the Labour Inspector

Regulations on Health and Safety

  • Law regulating Labour in Rwanda, 2009 (Labour Code) / Itegeko rigenga umurimo mu Rwanda, 2009
<!-- /15944428/ --> <div id='div-gpt-ad-1604915830963-0'> <script> googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display('div-gpt-ad-1604915830963-0'); }); </script> </div>