Wages in Rwanda: WageIndicator survey 2012

The results of the face-to-face WageIndicator survey in Rwanda, conducted between the 27th of October and the 3rd of December 2012.

This WageIndicator Data Report presents the results of the face-to-face WageIndicator survey in Rwanda, conducted between the 27th of October and the 3rd of December 2012. The survey aimed to measure in detail the wages earned by Rwandan workers. In total 2,074 persons were interviewed in towns in all provinces of Rwanda.
The survey was conducted and published by WageIndicator Foundation, University of Dar es Salaam/Economics Department, Kigali Independent University / Faculty of Economics and Business Studies and University of Amsterdam/Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.

The sample
The workers lived in households with on average 4 members, including themselves. Some 4% of workers followed no formal education, two in ten stopped at elementary education, 44% completed secondary education. 6% followed post-secondary education and 26% followed tertiary education.

Satisfaction with life
On a scale from 1=dissatisfied to 10=satisfied, workers rate their satisfaction with life as a whole a 5.9 on average.

Employment characteristics
In the sample, 29% of the workers were self-employed, 24% were employees on permanent contracts, 24% had fixed-term contracts, whereas 23% had no contract at all. Some 39% state that they are entitled to social security, whereas 46% contribute to social security. On a 5-point informality-index, ranging from 1=very informal to 5=very formal, 39% of workers are in the lowest category in the index, whereas 18% are in the highest category.

The median net hourly wage of the total sample is 450 Rwandan francs (RWF); 26% of workers earn less than 150 francs per hour, another 24% earn between 150 and 450 francs, 29% earn between 450 and 1350 francs and the remaining 21% earn more than 1350 francs per hour. Employees with permanent contracts have by far the highest earnings (1008 RWF), whereas workers without contracts (128 RWF) have the lowest earnings. Men have slightly higher wages compared to women, and young workers have substantial lower wages than workers in the oldest age group.
Only 49% of the sample is paid on or above the poverty line of 118.000 RWF per month. Workers without contracts were most vulnerable; just one in ten earn on or above the poverty line. In contrast, 79% of employees with permanent contracts, 57% of workers on fixed term contracts and 44% of self-employed do. Only 26% of the most informal workers are paid on or above the poverty line, compared to 84% of the most formal workers. The older workers are, the more likely they are to be paid above the poverty line.

Men are slightly more likely to paid above the poverty line than women (52% versus 47%).

Download the report.

To learn more:
Minimum wage in Rwanda
Salary Check
Salary Survey

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