Fair Treatment

This page was last updated on: 2021-03-11

Equal Pay

The Constitution of Uganda, 1995 recognizes the right to equal pay for work of equal value. In accordance with section 6 of the Employment Act, every worker should receive equal pay for work of equal value.

Source: § 40 of the Constitution of Uganda 1995 (revised in 2005), § 6 of the Employment Act 2006


In accordance with article 21 of the Constitution of Uganda, all human being are equal before the law and no person can be discriminated against on any ground including sex, race, colour, ethnic origin, tribe, birth, creed or religion, social or economic standing, political opinion or disability.

The Employment Act also prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex, race, colour, religion, political opinion, national extraction or social origin, the HIV status or disability. Any distinction, exclusion or preference in respect of a particular job based on the inherent requirements of that particular job is not however be deemed to be discrimination.

In accordance with the provisions of the Persons with Disabilities Act 2019, employers cannot discriminate against any person on the ground of a disability in all employment related matters including hiring, remuneration, promotion, and termination of contract. Employers are further required to facilitate persons with disabilities in work through “reasonable accommodation”. Government, in consultation with National Council for Persons with Disabilities and employers’ organizations, may agree on employment quota for persons with disabilities every two years. In the event of contravention of provisions of law, employer is
liable, on conviction, to a maximum fine of one hundred currency points or imprisonment (maximum one year) or both.

The Labour Unions Act prohibits anti unions discrimination.

In accordance with the Whistle-blower Protection Act, a person must not be subjected to any victimization by his or her employer or by any other person on account, or partly on account, of having made a protected disclosure. A whistle-blower cannot be subjected to occupational detriment because of a protected disclosure. A whistle-blower is considered victimized on account of making a protected disclosure if he/she is subjected to a discriminatory or other adverse measure by the employer or a fellow employee.

Source: §21 of the Constitution of Uganda 1995 (revised in 2005); §6 of the Employment Act 2006; § 4(c) of the Labour Union Act; §9 of the Persons with Disabilities Act, 2019; §9 of the Whistle-blower Protection Act, 2010

Equal Choice of Profession

Women can work in the same industries as men. No restrictions could be located in laws. In accordance with article 40 of the Constitution, "every person in Uganda has the right to practise his or her profession and to carry on any lawful occupation, trade or business".

Source: § 40 of the Constitution of Uganda 1995 (revised in 2005)

Regulations on Fair Treatment

  • The Employment Act, 2006

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