March-May 2016: 47 new collective agreements from 12 countries uploaded in the database

May 2016:

The WageIndicator CBA database now contains 549 collective agreements from 29 different countries. Since March 2016, 47 new agreements have been added, mostly from manufacturing and agricultural sectors: 


Number of new agreements added

Starting years of validity








2012, 2013, 2014

Wearing apparel, textile, food products











2013, 2014, 2015





Road construction




Manufacturing (mostly textile), retail trade




















Wholesale (import of pharmaceutical products)








Manufacturing (chemical, textile, food), agriculture, mining











2013, 2015

Security, manufacturing




Agriculture, manufacturing, public administration, financial services



2013, 2014

Agriculture, textile, mining









August 2015:

Working Hours: CBAs from Guatemala, Honduras and Kenya give better provisions than the labour law.

Here's a comparison of working hours per week in the recent uploaded CBAs from Guatemala, Honduras and Kenya. Among the 10 recently uploaded CBAs for Guatemala, while the Law offers 48 working hours a week, the judicial organism of Guatemala (Organismo Judicial del Estado de Guatemala) offers 37.5 working hours a week to its employees and the rest of CBAs offer 40 working hours a week.

Among 6 CBAs recently uploaded from Honduras, la Municipalidad de Comayagua offers 44 working hours to its employees (which is the same as provided by the labour law), El Instituto Hondureño de la Niñez Y la Familia “IHNFA offers 40 hours a week, while the rest of CBAs don’t talk about working hours.

In Kenya, the number of working hours per week provided by the Law is 52 hours. However, some CBAs seem to be offering better than that; this is the case of some recently uploaded CBAs. ELIMU Co-operative Savings & Credit Society Ltd offers 40 working hours per week, Kenya Paint Manufacturers Group of the Federation of Kenya Employers offers 42 working hours a week, M/S Panesar’s Kenya limited and bags and balers manufactures (K) limited offers 44 working hours a week to their employees, while Premier Academy, Medivet Products Limited, Butterfly Properties Limited and Gourmet Meat Products offer 45 working hours a week.

In summary, the recently uploaded CBAs from Guatemala, Honduras and Kenya are doing better than the law in terms of working hours per week.


June 2015:

Among all the provisions set in a collective agreement, trial period may not seem a big deal. Actually, for those who already work in a company covered by that collective agreement, probation period is not that important (anymore), but it becomes significant for someone who is about to be hired or is going to attend an interview.

At present, the WageIndicator Collective Agreement Database gives us the opportunity to analyze and compare the provisions about trial period (and about all other work-related issues) in 24 countries.

In this analysis we consider the maximum days of probation provided to manual skilled workers.

Malawi, South Africa, Peru and El Salvador had to be excluded, because none of the collective agreements that we got from these countries has provisions on trial period.

We also excluded those CBAs where probation period was not mentioned at all, while we kept those providing a trial period, but not defining the number of days. In total, we took into account 260 collective agreements from Africa, Latin America, Cambodia and Indonesia.

How long is the probation period? Almost half on the collective agreements provide for 90 days (3 months) of trial period.  Rather common are also CBAs providing for 6 months (17%) and 2 months (15%). 

Probation Period days

The lowest number of days required as a probation period is 14 and is given to the workers of bread factories in Senegal.

The longest maximum trial period is one year and can be found in 8 collective agreements from Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The reason for this lies probably in the labour law of those countries.

Comparison with the national labour law

Using the data we collected in the Labour Law database, we can easily check what the law provides on probation period in those countries. What we see is that in Uganda and Kenya the labour law sets a very high limit (one year), in Tanzania the limit is not explicitly set and in Ghana there is no limit at all.

While collective agreements should actually give better provisions to workers, what happens often is that they rather stick to the maximum limit set by the law.

If we consider only the 228 collective agreements of countries where the law sets a limit to the trial period, we can see that 2/3 provide exactly the same amount of days as stated in the labour law, while only 1/3 gives better provisions. 

Probation Period comparison Labour Law

Of the 72 CBAs giving better provisions, 60 are from Kenya, which is the country where the collective agreements play a major role in giving workers better rights than the basics set by the labour law. We must remember, though, that the limit set by the law in the case of Kenya is pretty high (1 year of probation period).

Do collective agreements give worse provisions than the law? Yes, they do, although in rare cases. That 2% of CBAs giving more days of trial period than the limit set by the law corresponds to 5 collective agreements. Three of them are from Senegal. The explanation for asking for more days of probation period lies probably in the fact that these CBAs are for high profile jobs: journalists and technicians of social communication, insurance employees, teachers in private schools. In Guatemala, the municipalities of Chichicastenango Quiche and of Santo Tomas Chichicastenango Departamento de El Quiche ask for 6 months of trial period instead of the 3 provided by the national labour law. Same does the  PT. Sarana Meditama Metropolitan (RS Omni Medical Center) collective agreement from Indonesia.

March 2015:

By March 2015, 1 Ghanaian, 3 Malawian and 11 Colombian collective agreements, in addition to 2 collective agreements from Indonesia were uploaded into the system.

New country in the database: Malawi

Malawi is new in the database and new Collective Agreements cover three different sectors: extraction, mining and quarrying (Water Boards CBA), Manufacturing – and specifically textile/garment/leather – and hospitality and catering (Sunbird Tourism Limited CBA). Differently from other collective agreements that we have, these CBAs do not really specify information on topics of maternity leave, working hours, probation/trial period, etc., but just set the rules for collective bargaining and workers' representatives in Malawi. They are a kind of ‘first step’ towards more specific collective agreements.

New collective agreement from Ghana in the database

The new collective agreement added for Ghana is the HPW Fresh and Dry Ltd. Agreement (agricultural sector). The provisions in this CBA are in line with most Ghanaian collective agreements. 

Eleven new collective agreements from Colombia, but no precise provisions on most topics

In the 11 collective agreements from Colombia that became part of the database last month it is really difficult to find specific provisions about what is more interesting for workers, like working hours, days of leave, maternity provisions etc. They are all quite general, and this could be observed in all sectors: manufacturing, education and research, public administration and police, health care and social work. In these cases probably labour law applies.

However, among these 11 collective agreements, there is one (the Pliego de Peticiones Que Presenta el Sindicato de Trabajadores del Hospital Luis Ablanque de la Plata “SINTRAHOSPLAP" a la Gerencia del Hospital Luis Ablanque de la Plata) with very good provisions on annual leave, which is of 25 days instead of the 15 provided by the law. Unfortunately this not a collective agreement in force, it is a proposal written by the trade union.

Workers of PT. Sarana Meditama Metropolitan are subjected to the longest trial period in Indonesia: 26 weeks

As to the four new collective agreements from Indonesia, one has a surprisingly long probation period: 26 weeks. It’s the CBA of PT. Sarana Meditama Metropolitan (RS Omni Medical Center). Normally, the probation period in Indonesia should be of 13 weeks.  This collective agreement has also a longer vacation period, which can go from the usual 12 days for those who work 4 days a week up to 18 days for those who work 6 days a week.

February 2015: focus on Colombia and Ethiopia

In December 2014, 8 collective agreements from Ethiopia and 11 collective agreements from Colombia were uploaded in the system.

For Ethiopia, the CBAs are from the following sectors:

  • Transport, Logistics and Communication: 4 CBAs
  • Hotel and Tourism: 1 CBA
  • Construction: 1CBA
  • Manufacturing: 2CBAs

Most of these collective agreements are similar in many ways. They offer the same working hours (48 hours a week, 8 hours per day for 6 days in a week); maternity leave of 90 days, sickness leave of 180 days, annual leave of 14 days for one year of service and then one day is added for every year of service.

For Colombia, the CBAs were from the following sectors:

  • Public Administration: 5 CBAs
  • Entertainment, Culture and Recreation: 3 CBAs
  • Healthcare: 1 CBA
  • Education and Research: 1 CBA
  • Transport, logistics and Communication: 1 CBA

In general, these collective agreements do not contain much information found in most CBAs from other countries related to working conditions such as working hours, maternity leave, sick leave, annual leave, probation period etc. The information found in most of these agreements is about wage increase. A 10 % salary increase is offered by SINTRAADMIN and Municipio de Govenas-SUCRE, 8% by SINEMPUBLIC and 5% by SINDECODEBOL and SINTRAVILLANUEVA.



January 2015: focus on Indonesia

Lately Indonesia is the country that contributed the most to the database in terms of number of collective agreements. Nineteen Indonesian CBAs have been uploaded to the system. All of them are company CBAs and they belong to the following sectors: 

  • Manufacturer : 8 CBAs
  • Mining : 1 CBA
  • Garmen and Textile : 1 CBA
  • Hospitality : 1 CBA
  • Financial Service : 1 CBA
  • Agriculture, Forestry : 3 CBAs
  • Wholesale (supplier) : 1 CBA
  • Logistic : 1 CBA
  • Construction : 1 CBA
  • Publishing : 1 CBA

Among these 19 CBAs, the most favorable sick leave clause was found in the Collective Agreement of Century Batteries Indonesia, which pays sick leave up to 2 years to its employees. This is one the most outstanding results from a global comparison between 400 Collective Agreements, conducted in January 2014.

The Indonesian Collective Agreement is outstanding, because other CBAs only have 12 months of paid sick leave, which is in accordance with the Indonesian Labour Law. 

Other new agreements in the database from Ethiopia, Colombia, Indonesia don't show a difference with the minimum labour standards in these countries.

Other topics from the months before: annual leave, sick leavematernity and paternity leave and probation period 



The best Collective Agreements, topic  Working week

Next in line when it comes to the duration of the working week are 6 Collective Agreements from Central America, East Africa and Cambodia, ranging from public sector to tourism, and airlines, each with maximum 40 hours:



The best Collective Agreements in topic Annual leave


The best Collective Agreements in topic: Sick leave



The best Collective Agreements in topic: Maternity leave



The best Collective Agreements in topic: Paternity leave



The best Collective Agreements in topic: Probation period



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